Analysing household level data from three consecutive All India Debt and Investment Surveys (AIDIS) covering a period of two decades (1991-92 to 2012-13), this paper finds that inequality in asset ownership in India has risen during this period. While inequality has risen in both rural and urban India, urban inequality is much higher, and the pace towards higher inequality is much faster in urban than in rural India. The growing inequality, in both rural and urban India, was mostly driven by highly unequal holding of land and buildings, the two most important forms in which Indian households hold their wealth. In terms of asset accumulation, there was no improvement for socially marginalised groups (Dalit, Adivasi and Muslim) relative to others (non-Dalit, non-Adivasi and non-Muslim), as others continued to own, on an average, more than double the assets of Dalit, Adivasi and Muslim households during the entire two decades. Non-Dalit, non-Adivasi and non-Muslim households remain a highly heterogeneous group, with much higher within group inequality than the marginalised groups.
FAO India and the Society for Social and Economic Research organised a day-long workshop on “Measurement of Undernourishment and Food Insecurity” in New Delhi on March 15, 2016. The workshop was attended by senior officials from the National Statistical Commission (including the Central Statistical Office and the National Sample Survey Organisation), various Ministries of the Government, as well as members of the academia and civil society.
Privatisation of coal mining in Amrapara block of Pakur district by the NDA and UPA governments has facilitated a loot of national resources by a private company and deprived poor adivasi peasants of benefits from resources that rightfully belong to them. Mineral resources cannot be mined without the consent of adivasis, without fully compensating them, and without ensuring that a reasonable share of benefits from the use of this wealth goes back to them. This is the fundamental principle on which policies related to coal and other minerals have to be based.
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